In our section “Definitions”, you will find some clarification of terms commonly used in connection with the biodiversity, and details on the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and the CITES Convention.
You will find here
Little Glossary about BiodiversityAllochthonous Found in a place other than its original aera.
Anthropogenic Related to human activity. Qualifies any evidence directly or indirectly caused by human activities, as opposed to those occurring in natural environments without human influences .
Autochthonous A plant or animal that grows or lives naturally in a place.
Biodiversity Is the variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or for the entire Earth. Biodiversity is often used as a measure of the health of biological systems. The biodiversity found on Earth today consists of many millions of distinct biological species, which is the product of nearly 3.5 (...)
The IUCN “Red” ListIUCN was founded in October 1948 as the International Union for the Protection of Nature (or IUPN) following an international conference in Fontainebleau, France. The organization changed its name to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources in 1956 with the acronym IUCN (or UICN in French and Spanish). This remains the full legal name to this day. IUCN helps the world find pragmatic solutions to most pressing environment and development challenges. It supports scientific research, manages field projects all over the world and brings governments, non-government organizations, United Nations agencies, (...)
CITESCITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement to which States (countries) adhere voluntarily. It is also called the “Washington Convention”. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. States that have agreed to be bound by the Convention (’joined’ CITES) are known as Parties. Although CITES is legally binding on the Parties – in other words they have to implement the Convention – it does not take the place of national laws. Rather it provides a framework to be respected by each Party, which (...)
Traditional taxonomic classification or phylogenetics?The traditional taxonomic classification is based on the most obvious similarities between species. It has been put in place long before the idea of evolution has emerged.
Thus, using the most visible characters, the traditional classification does not accurately estimate the degree of relatedness between species, and it was not its original purpose. However, it is useful for species recognition with identification keys, or for the management of biological collections. It is easily usable by the general public. Under this classification, a fish will always be close to another fish of another species not fish.
This is actually not always (...)