BRIEF NEWS : in France, the law on - or against?- biodiversity to be voted by French Senators, Paris goes green, and from green light to red one, the scandal of red mud that pollutes les Calanques de Cassis (Cassis’ Creeks) for more than 50 years with the blessing of the prefet of Les Bouches-du-Rhône acting «upon order» of the French Prime Minister. Don’t forget that April 25th is the World Penguin Day!
We have tried to understand a little bit more about the sheep breeding sector in France, where the romantic picture of the shepherd giving a name to each of its new-born sheep is quite far away from reality : unfortunately France kills its wolves and mistreats its sheep ?
TENDUA’s FRENCH NEWS : last news about the rendez-vous of the collective of environmental associations CAP LOUP with the representatives of the French Government, and about the 72 threatened to extinction sharks that have been killed between June 2015 and April 2016 by the Reunionese fishing program Cap Requins 2 under the false but very profitable pretext of the reassurance of the ocean.
Some BREAKING NEWS on projects supported by TENDUA : the release into the wild of a couple of Hoolock gibbons thanks to the HURO Program of SVAA and the birth of the next generation of Desert lions in Namibia : that are great news!!
The bill Biodiversity adopted by the French Senate
2016, January 26th, French Senators have adopted at about 90% of the valid votes the bill for the reconquest of the biodiversity. But how many of them were really present for this vote?
The French Agency for the biodiversity will be created. Many other points in this law, but globally the more the decisions concern distant horizons, the less it is complicated to vote against. But, the Senators did not move forward on the ban on the deep fishing, nor on the use of some neonicotinoïdes pesticides, which the dangerousness for the health and the environment was confirmed by ANSES (French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupationnel Health & Safety). Senators did not adopt the amendments to forbid the trapping with the birdlime or the hunting of mammals in period of reproduction. Actually this law is full of gars and nonsenses and has to be voted by the National Assembly in 2nd reading. Do French Senators really understand what is biodiversity? What shall we expect from French Deputies of the National Assembly?
Sources : FNE, Courrier de la Nature n°295
Paris goes green!
The Mairie de Paris has announced a call for projects entitled “Paris-culteurs”, with the support of 33 charter signatories “Objective: 100 hectares”. Progress towards this goal will focus on 40 sites located across Paris and currently under identification - roofs, walls, at ground level or below - sites, which will be made available to green innovators for the development of urban agriculture and green space projects.
This ambitious goal for Paris is to expand and develop green urban spaces and to create a new urban model, establishing as a goal the creation of 100 hectares of green roofs, green facades and walls by 2020, of which a third of this space will be devoted to urban agriculture.
Mid-April, the list of 40 proposed sites will unveiled, together with the call for offer partners. Aeroponics, aquaponics, hydroponics, permaculture, orchards, mushroom cultivation, above or below ground, edible walls, vegetable roofs, climbing and descending plants, sedum terrace installations: all are options are available to the «Paris-culteurs» who may propose techniques involving any and all forms of urban gardening.
The idea is good and green, but we would have appreciate to be part of it being simple citizens!
To read more :http://www.paris.fr/parisculteurs#u...
Pollution: Red Mud of the Creeks of Cassis, an old story …
Arsenic, uranium 238, thorium 232, mercury, cadmium, titanium, soda, lead, chromium, vanadium, nickel: the list is not exhaustive and these are only some components of the «red mud» that is poured every day by hundreds of tons in the Mediterranean Sea by the factory of alumina of Bouches-du-Rhône belonging today to the company Altéo. A pipe built in 1966 is rejecting this waste up to seven kilometers from the coast, to the heart of a remarkable biodiversity site, that became in April, 2012 the national park of the Creeks. In half a century, about thirty million tons were spread out at 250 meters deep.
- A dogfish caught at 300m deep
- Un chien de mer, petit squale, péché à la palangre le 16 juillet 2015 par 300 m de fond dans le canyon de Cassidaigne. - © Gérard Carrodano
The fishermen raise up their nets tinged with red and with fishes charged in heavy metals. Certain species have totally disappeared. The « crime » was announced by the famous biologist Alain Bombard in 1963 at the time of the project of the pipe. Gérard Rivoire, a retired oceanographer, also worries about the radiological exposure : «The natural radioactivity of the Mediterranean Sea is 12 becquerels by liter; that of the muds at the release of the pipe exceeds 750 Bq / l. It is a major risk for the marine wildlife and for the food chain.»
However, the studies financed by Alteo seem to conclude in an “absence of notable impact of residues on the aquatic animals, including in strong depth”.
Nevertheless, French Government is “taking care” of us : by the order signed on December 28th, 2015, the Prefet of Les Bouches-du-Rhône, Stéphane Bouillon, authorizes Alteo to reject in the canyon of Cassidaigne, an ocean deep at seven kilometres of the coastline in the National park of Creeks, up to 270 m3 of the liquid effluents per hour. And he accepts, for a duration of six years, the overtaking of the values limit of emission fixed by European standards concerning six pollutants, mainly heavy metals, such arsenic (11 kg a day), iron (87 kg / day) and aluminum at the rate of 2 880 tons a year (that is 7,9 tons in the daytime!).
To read more (in French): La Méditerranée empoisonnée, A Marseille, « colère rouge » contre les boues rouges et http://leplus.nouvelobs.com/contrib...
25 April : The Penguin Day !
There are 18 species of penguins and all are found in the Southern Hemisphere*. If you ever wondered where penguins live in the world, this graphic is hère to help!
Their vestigial wings have become flippers, useless for flight in the air. In the water, however, penguins are astonishingly agile.
April 25th is World Penguin Day! The annual northward migration of penguins is on or around April 25th. Share and spread the word.
Galapagos Penguins are also found in the Southern Hemisphere, but the uppermost tip of their range crosses the equator.
- The Cape penguin is the only African penguin.
- Le manchot braie ou jabote : qu’on se le dise ! - © Myriam Dupuis
Fourteen of the 18 species are endangered, three are considered as “stable” and the state of one specie is not known.
Penguin calls (vocalizations) are individually identifiable, allowing mates to recognize each other and also their chick.
France kills its wolves and mistreats its sheep
In France the livestock of sheep amounts to 7,2 million animals in 2014, against 9 millions in 2012, for 78840 breeding farms among which 20420 of more than 50 animals. These breeding farms are in decrease by their number (in particular the small exploitations), but their size remain superior to those of Italian or Spanish neighbours, with 500 up to 3000 sheep/farm. We are far from the idealized image of the shepherd giving a name to every new-bora lamb...
The concentration of ovine races is unfortunately responsible for the loss in biodiversity resulting from the standing about and from the overgrazing of the herds, without counting the risk of transmission of the diseases (keratoconjonctivite, foot rot) to the wild populations of chamoises and ibexes, and the poisoning of the alpine lawns by avermectines, anti-parasitic, which sterilize the feces of animals.
Moreover, the reappearance since September, 2015 of the ovine catarrhal fever in 260 spots, is probably owed to the exchanges of cattle; 27 000 breeding farms were affected in 2008. In 2016, vaccines for 1,1 million animals are in the course of distribution by the French Ministry of Agriculture. A big “crisis” for the ovine sector is to plan this year (2016), and the cost of this crisis will be one more time supported by the tax-payers. This sector thus seems very sick and the figures of consumption of ovine meat confirm this trend: 29 % of reduction between 1990 and 2013.
The French consumer admits his disenchantment for the « Sunday leg of lamb" ; the ovine meat represents only a little more than 3 % of the total consumption of meat in France, that is 1,5 % for the ovine meat of French origin.
Nevertheless, in 2014, 840 000 sheep were sent to the knackery by the breeders, among which 339 734 ewes were declared “unprofitable”. A part of these ewes are « reformed animals", bought every year from the breeders by the State with public money. A part is intended for the knackery: burned with some oil, to be transformed into flours of meat and bone, the use of which in ground breeding is forbidden since 2000. Thèse fleurs are stored in sheds, then cremated in cement plants, thanks to public money.
The part of national and European subsidies to the ovine sector is huge. Indeed, it is estimated that more than 50 % of the sheep breeders’ income are coming from subsidies (sheep intended for the butcher). Economically it is more serious than what the golf’s expenses can represent.
Besides the “reformed sheep”, approximately 400.000 sheep die further to diseases such as those mentioned, but also victims of the lightning, rock movings and dogs’ attacks, figures of which are remaining rather confidentiel. On the other hand, the breeders impute the death of 9000 sheep to the wolf; what, in France, activates the payment of subsidies, even though the herd is not protected.
Since the wolf is back to France through the National park of Mercantour in 1992, its estimated population at the end of March 2016 is 236 individuals, after the killing of 46 wolves due to the ministériel decree of Ségolène Royal setting a « ceiling », - a maximum number of wolves that can be shot down in France for the current year (July 15-June 16) -, to 36 animals, without any scientific reason. Why in this case, did 46 wolves die since July, 2015? Because certain animals are not quite simply “deducted” from this ceiling: 35 wolves were “hunted” within the framework of the decree, 2 poached (not deducted), 6 killed “in a accidental way” (not deducted), 1 case of mortality not clarified (not deducted), 2 cases of mortality possibly natural (not deducted).
So, the French Minister of Ecology wishes to set up a new decree for the additional shooting of 6 wolves this season, listening to the lobbies of certain breeders and hunters that recommend to kill wolf cubs in the den.
But killing these animals will not solve the structural problems of the French ovine sector. Is the Government looking for solutions or searching for votes to the coming elections ?
The wolf is a protected species in Europe with the Berne Convention (1979) that has been transcribed into French law in 1989; the wolf is also protected in France by the ministerial decree of 1993/07/22 updated on 2007/07/23 and registered to Annexes II and IV of the Directive Habitats Faune Flore of the European Union (92/43/CEE), as a prioritary species. It means that France shall ensure the conservation of the species and its habitats. And France fails to its mission.
The wolf is charged of proliferation: it is just not credible. A super-predator never proliferates otherwise it would put in danger his populations-preys and thus itself. Besides, we know so from now on that the wolf is as well a regulator for sic animals as a protector of the entire ecosystem where it lives. Then, isn’t the French wolf just an easy billy-goat of a stricken ovine sector?
Nevertheless, you cannot bring down a fever by breaking the thermometre!
Sources: Ministère chargé de l’agriculture, Institut de l’élevage, Interveb : «l’essentiel de la filière ovine française en 2014 », Docteur F. Moutou dans « le Courrier de la Nature n°285».
A very interesting BBC video on the positive effects on environment of the wolves’ presence or “how wolves change rivers”
NATIONAL ACTIONS OF TENDUA
TENDUA and the collective of associations CAP LOUP
TENDUA continues in the frame of the collective of associations CAP LOUP, its action in favour of the protection of wolves in France. What happened since January 2016?
January, 12th, 2016: in Lyon, about 3000 people have manifested to say NO to the killing of wolves in France. The day after, more than 400 gathered in Nice in favour of the presence of the wolf in France.
March, 7th, 2016: meeting with the scientific advisor of the French Minister of the Environment, M. Gilles Boeuf, We asked for the stopping of the killing of wolves and we presented our solutions in favour of cohabitation with wolves. Being a well-known scientist, Gilles Bœuf said he shared our finding and tha the wants to act in favour of wolves. He ensured that our demands would be transmitted to the Minister and to Barbara Pompili, the new State Secretary to biodiversity. The meeting was planned at the beginning of April but was finally reported because of « a too heavy agenda ».
April, 8th, 2016: meeting with Marie-Hélène Aubert, advisor for Environment to the President François Hollande. Our main proposals for a better cohabitation between wolves and farmers; Indemnify the breeders in case of predation only when the herds are correctly protected; verify on the ground the effective implementation of adapted means of protection; improve presently the subsidized means of protection; improve the technical accompaniment of the breeders; favor systematically the deployment of the protective measures of the herds in the zones of new colonization; develop the research for new methods. In conclusion, CAP LOUP seemed to have been understood …
CAP LOUP remains firmly opposed to the implementation of the policy of authorization of lethal shootings since the beginning of the « plan wolf for 2013-2017 », that encourages these shootings instead of guaranteeing that everything is made to avoid turning to it
The first urgent request we made is that the project of decree for the additional shooting of 6 wolves for the period 2015-2016 is not implemented. TENDUA pronounced against the slaughter of wolves during the public consultation, which came to an end on March 4th of this year, as well as 90 % of the answers to this consultation (6000 participants).
Unfortunately, besides the fact that citizens and experts are against the additional shooting, the French Minister of Environment authorized on April 25th the additional killing of 6 wolves with 3 successive decrees, each allowing the shooting of 2 wolves! However, the wolves’ French population is decreasing. Our associations attack these decisions made against a protected species that most of French people want to protect too
To read more: http://www.cap-loup.fr/…/s-royal-...
TENDUA and SHARKS
On Reunion island: shark-killing, a way to make money !
On Reunion Island, the shark slaughter continues.
The recent post published in March on our blog protection-requins.org takes stock of shark overfishing done by the Fishing Regional Committee: au moins 67 requins tués par le programme Cap Requins 2 en 10 mois..
- 72 sharks (bullsharks, tigersharks, white shark) killed by CAP REQUINS 2 in 11 months in Reunion Island
- © TENDUA
Since March, 5 more sharks were officially killed reaching to 72 slaughtered squales. The killing is increasing: 37 sharks have been killed in 3,5 months in 2016 against 35 sharks killed in 6 months in 2015.
The Fishing Regional Committee (CRPMEM), which is at the same time the initiator, coordinator, controller (but not responsible!) has estimated the provisional annual budget of the CAPREQUINS2 program to 747 553,70€ in June 2015 in order « to secure by fishing» the territory of the 6 communes of the 35km of the West coastline of the Reunion island. It is a golden price for hooks…
At the beginning of April, 2016 a complaint was deposited by the ASPAS and Sea Shepherd associations after the fishing and the slaughter on October 15th, 2015 of a great white shark in Reunion island within the framework of the program CAPREQUINS2.
The animal was attracted most probably by one of the numerous baits placed in the bay of Saint-Paul; it was fished and killed, at the only appreciation of the CRPMEM which is not authorized to take this type of decision. The IUCN lists the great white shark among the “vulnerable”, i.e. endangered species. This status led the European Union to forbid the fishing of the great white shark (Regulation (EU) 2015/104 of the Council of January 19th, 2015).
This migratory species is also registered on appendices I and II of the Bonn Convention on the preservation of the migratory species belonging to the wildlife of June 23rd, 1979, and to the appendix II of the Washington Convention on the international trade of the endangered wild species of fauna and flora of March 3rd, 1973. Numerous international conventions peculiar to certain geographical zones plan its protection in the world (Mediterranean Sea, Antarctica, South Africa, New Zealand).
This fishing is as revolting as it is done within the framework of a fishing program that our associations never stop denouncing: nothing demonstrates that the fishing of bull sharks and tiger sharks is a solution to avoid the accidents in Reunion island waters; by attracting artificially sharks near coastline of Reunion island, this program can even turn out counterproductive; it is led without scientific protocol, and in total opacity.
TENDUA supports the Italian projecte of creation of the nursehound shark in Mediterranean Sea
The Stellaris Project is a research and conservation project of the largest known nursery of the nursehound shark (Scyliorhinus stellaris) in the Gulf of Naples, Mediterranean sea.
The nursehound (Scyliorhinus stellaris), also known as the large-spotted dogfish, greater spotted dogfish, or bull huss, is a species of catshark, found in the north-eastern Atlantic Ocean. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has assessed the nurse hound as Near Threatened, as its population in the Mediterranean Sea seems to have declined substantially from overfishing.
Growing up to 1.6 m (5.2 ft) long, the nursehound has a robust body with a broad, rounded head and two dorsal fins placed far back.
TENDUA is following the project of Rays and Sharks’ Sanctuary at Fernando de Noronha Archipelago
After the letter co-signed together with the Association “Sauvegarde des requins” in October 2015 to the State Secretary for Environment of the Pernambuco State, TENDUA addressed the Brazilian environmental associations that asked for support to their project of sanctuary. It seems that their proposal has been stucked somewhere at the District of the Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha. The involved associations still hope to move forward their project.
Contributions of TENDUA since beginning of 2016
February 2016 : illustration with a picture of TENDUA of the article of Marie Darrieussecq « la disparition des animaux » on the blog of Luce Lapin et copains
March-April 2016: illustration of the article of Alain Hennepin on the « le tigre du Nord, fer de lance de l’avenir» with 2 pictures of the Amur tiger of TENDUA published in “le Courrier de la Nature n°295”.
April 2016 : contribution to the magazine Goupil of the association ASPAS with an article about the killing of sharks on Reunion island.
BREAKING NEWS on PROJETS SUPPORTED BY TENDUA
India : First release into the wild of a couple of Western Hoolock Gibbons by the Huro program of SVAA
Rémi and Robinson were released in the National Nokrek Park mid-February after 7 years in the rehabilitation center of the Huro program. Since then, they have been followed successfully as they were discovering their new territory.
It is a new page of their life that has begun.
Congrats to all the members of the SVAA team and thank you to all of you as you permit TENDUA to help SVAA since 2009 thanks to your donations.
The story of these two gibbons is the following: Rémi is a female at the age of 7 months on June 4th, 2009, by the SVAA team. She was saved from a village where she was attached to a ficus tree for one month at least without food or water. She survived by eating leaves of the tree and drinking rainwater as gibbons are used to do. She arrived to the centre very wick, near death, with a high malnutrition responsible of an abdominal œdema, an immune deficiency and dehydration at near 10%.
Robinson is a male that has been rescued at about one year old by SVAA on May, 30th 2009. He was retained illegally in a very remote village near the National Park of Balpakral, where his parents were killed to capture the baby. The rescue operation was successful and Robinson joined the clinic in Tura where he received the first aid during one week. He suffered from a medium malnutrition that was soon regulated. He did not have such diseases as Tuberculosis, Herpes neither Hepatitis. He formed together with Rémi the first couple of young in the rehabilitation centre.
And now, they are back to freedom!
Gibbons live in couple for life: it is then a really true and nice story that has been possible thanks to the work of SVAA and modestly to TENDUA!
Thanks to all of you!
Namibia: Desert Lion Conservation
In our last newsletter n°13, we informed you that the lionnes Xpl-59, 11-years old, has “seduced” just-just sexually mature mâles, called the 5 Musketeers. Romance was in the air...
Anyway, news are excellent : the lionnes has been observed with her babies: the next generation of desert lions is born!!
Wishing them all the best, and that they will be able to avoid all the threats under which they live.
April 15th, 2016: launch of our Association Tendua You Tube channel!
As decided end of 2015, we have launched our You Tube channel « Association Tendua» to show the nature in all its ways thanks to your videos. We need your contributions, so use your GoPro and cameras and send us you videos! Thanks in advance!
In May, we prepare the next session of volunteers for cetaceans on Reunion island!
Our partnership with the diving club “le Dodo palmé” is renewed for the next season that, hopefully, will welcome the humpback whales !
You can consulte our article on line on tendua.org :
The artists-whales of Indian Ocean
Selling of wonderful pictures of Nature from our exhibition «Beautés naturelles
After the exhibition in Paris last November, there are still magnificent pictures to buy. Authors: professional photographs as Frédéric Buyle, Michel et Christine Denis-Huot, Yves Lefèvre, Vincent Munier et Alain Pons.
Publication of a comic on sharks by Bernard Séret
In the collection « la petite bédéthèque des savoirs » the new comic on sharks called «Les requins».
Two experts wrote and designed a vulgarisation scientific comic on sharks. Very interesting, well documented, wonderful illustrations. In French (for the moment!).
Authors: Bernard Séret and Julien Solé.
Price (advised) : 10€
New-Zealand fur seal, also called “kekeno” in Maori language
The New-Zealand fur seuls (Arctocephalus forsteri) leave in Indian Ocean, near the rocky coastlines of New-Zealand and South of Australia. The species is not considered as threatened. Males are practically twice bigger than females. Females reach sexual maturity betwenn 4 to 6 years and males betwen 8 and 10 years. Each is at the head of a harem of some females.
The breeding season for the New Zealand fur seal starts in late October and ends by early February. The male will not eat for two to three months of breeding season.
The pups are born between late November and mid-January, with an average length of 40 to 55 cm. These pups are precocial, and can start suckling within 60 minutes. At 9 to 10 months of age the pups are weaned.
For the femelles the longest recorded dive lasted 9.3 minutes and the deepest recorded dive reached 312 m deep ; for the males the longest recorded dive lasted 14.8 minutes and the deepest recorded dive reached 380 m. A word to the wise is enough!
“Yesterday is behind, tomorrow is mystery, and today is a giftt, that is why we call it the present.”
As this fur seal, let us enjoy our présent!