TENDUA - Association for biodiversity conservation

Newsletter n°13 -August 2015

Our newsletter is evolving and we submit to your perusal a new format: new sections, more pictures and illustrations, and more links to information sources.
You will find some «WORLD NEWS», i.e. recently published articles on topics as varied as: the oceans are in danger, global warming, the result of a study on killer whales and illegal trafficking of species.
In «TENDUA’s FRENCH NEWS», few words about our actions in France , including the overseas departments and territories. This month, Focus on the island of Reunion and its shark fishing, and on “the absurd and outrageous attempt by the government to downgrade the wolf.” It is also an opportunity to thank the mini-company “Eco Phenix” from the College Paul Bert of Chatou for his contribution to conservations projects supported by TENDUA!
BREAKING NEWS on PROJECTS financially supported by TENDUA to know more about the progress of these programs.
Finally, you will find our agenda : next November TENDUA organises a photo exhibition Beautés naturelles in Paris and our pink book about lions that are in danger of extinction.

Happy reading!

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WORLD NEWS

Oceans are in danger

The impact of the global fishing in high seas
The impact of the global fishing in high seas
© Source le Monde, janvier 2015

The two-thirds of the oceans are a legal “No Man’s Land” , target of industrial lobbies, avid of underwater resources.

To read more :
The UN makes an important step for the protection of the high seas

Plunder the wealth beneath the surface:http://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2014/06/24/la-haute-mer-un-etat-en-deliquescence_4443900_3244.html


The global warming in 4 minutes-in French

97% of scientists working on climate change, estimate that the earth is warming rapidly as a result of human activities. The consequences of global warming are:

  • Rising temperatures,
  • The rise of the oceans,
  • Increased precipitation (causing power cuts)
  • Ocean acidification whose consequences could be catastrophic with the disappearance of the base of the food chain (phytoplankton). Plankton is essential in the food chain and without plankton, no coral, which plays an important role in the stability of the oxygen percentage on the planet. http://www.tendua.org/2,002/newslet...

Grandmothers orcas, repositories of ecological knowledge, help the survival of their clan

A group of killer whales in British Columbia now has a new calf, J51, swimming alongside her mother, J19.
A group of killer whales in British Columbia now has a new calf, J51, swimming alongside her mother, J19.
© Dave Ellifrit, Center for Whale Research

Among orcas, grandmothers are the queens of leadership and essential killers! “Postmenopausal females are a group of knowledgeable leaders, environmentally educated that help the younger members of their community to find food, especially during periods where prey is scarce,” says biologist Lauren Brett, Associate Research Fellow at the Centre for Research in Animal Behaviour, University of Exeter (Great Britain).

To read more : http://www.sciencesetavenir.fr/animaux/20150318.OBS4896/les-femelles-menopausees-des-meneuses-utiles-chez-les-orques.html


Already groups
Already groups’ leaders, postmenopausal orcas (in bright pink) take more leadership when Chinhook (or royal) salmon runs out.
© Current Biology/Université d’Exeter.

and also:
Granny, also known as J2, is an orca, or killer whale, estimated by some whale researchers to be 104 years old, which, if correct, would make her the oldest known living orca. Granny had been captured with the rest of her pod in 1967 but was too old at that time for a marine mammal park, so was released. In 1967, Granny was estimated to have been born in 1911. Granny, along with several of her descendants, travels in the J pod, a group of about 25 orcas. J pod, along with Pods K and L, are the “J clan”, which is part of the southern resident killer whale population. They frequent the inland waters of British Columbia and Washington State in the summer months, but roam from southeast Alaska to central California. They have completed a journey as far as 800 miles in a week. The southern resident killer whales are the most studied population of killer whales in the world. Many whales in this population were captured in the 1960s and 1970s for use in sea parks, and others were killed by hunters attempting to capture them.
“For an old orca, Granny likes to walk. She was spotted, with 25 members of his tribe, around 2 am, May 9, 2014, south of the Strait of Georgia by Simon Pidcock, Ocean EcoVentures. This means in particular that she had to travel nearly 1300 kilometers to reach the Canadian coast from southern California, where she was seen for the last time.”

to read more : http://www.maxisciences.com/orque/l...
Copyright © Gentside Découverte
http://www.maxisciences.com/orque/l...


Illegal trafficking of species, the 4th world market

The price of rhino horn has reached the 60,000 dollars per kilo, i.e. twice that of gold or platinum, and today has more value on the black market than diamonds or cocaine, ensures WWF.
The price of rhino horn has reached the 60,000 dollars per kilo, i.e. twice that of gold or platinum, and today has more value on the black market than diamonds or cocaine, ensures WWF.
© Source: le Monde, décembre 2014

With a turnover estimated at 19 billion dollars per year (14 billion euros), the illegal trafficking of wildlife - for medecine, zoos, new “pets”...- is coming just after the illegal drug trade, trafficking in human beings and counterfeit goods.
Source: Le Monde- December 2014

To read more : Illegal trafficking of species, the 4th world market

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TENDUA’S FRENCH NEWS

France validates and finances the slaughter of wolves and sharks.

The CAP LOUP Collective

TENDUA was contacted by a wolf protection organization in Latvia that was wondering about the hunt wolf, currently taking place in France. With the agreement of the CAP LOUP collective, TENDUA translated into English the press release of CAP LOUP collective dated 07/24/15 concerning the decision of the Agriculture Minister Mr Le Foll to ask for downgrading the wolf from the protected species’ list in Europe: The French Government’s Absurd and Outrageous Attempt to Bring Down Wolfs Status- 24th, July, 2015.
To let know the madness that seized the French politicians against the wolf, TENDUA has proposed to make contact with European associations for the defense of the wolf. We will keep you informed of the actions that may follow.

One of the last Press Release of the CAP LOUP Collective : A mass slaughter of wolves ordered for political purposes - August 17, 2015.


The Reunion island : the “sharkcide” state

Local, regional and government authorities seem to have their mind turned only towards the duration of their respective mandates. They probably do not question themselves about the disastrous consequences of choices they made in the fight against sharks’s accidents : they choose the baiting and the fishing, at a great expense to taxpayers. No word on the pseudo-scientific program, neither on its conditions that are as opaque as those of the contracting of the new coastal road of the island.
In short, millions of euros distributed by the Region on the European funds to the Regional Fisheries Committee and some 5 fishermen + the creation of an observatory that hopes becoming the global benchmark for “shark risk management by fisheries”, with a previsionnal budget that is going to be financed from public money up to about € 1.5m / year (for rent and the creation of 5 posts already allocated in the utmost discretion, but none to any shark experts)! Omerta, opacity ... but they make the public believe that it is protected by these measures, and this is where the greatest danger !!
On the one hand some politicians, a lot of public money and a handful of people, eager for media coverage and recognition, on the other hand, environmental protection associations representing thousands of people and whose representatives are threatened, insulted ... and that do not even have the opportunity to express themselves peacefully!

To learn more, go on our blog protection-requins.org . We last were threatened and insulted on August, 14, 2015:

Myth N°1/10 : «There is a shark overpopulation in Reunion island» FALSE!
Myth N°2 : «The bull sharks are those who kill the reef sharks!» FALSE!
Myth N°3 : «Let’s reintroduce reef sharks to get rid of bull sharks !» FALSE!

Myth N°4 : «The Reunion island is the most dangerous spot with an incredibly high number of shark attacks in comparison with worldwide !» FALSE!
Mythe N°10 : « Sharks are useless! » FALSE!


 GOUPIL, n°122, the magazine of the ASPAS, July 2015
GOUPIL, n°122, the magazine of the ASPAS, July 2015
© M. Dupuis

TENDUA a également contribué au n° 122 du magazine de l’ASPAS «GOUPIL», de juillet 2015 : «les requins protègent les océans, protégeons les requins!» avec plusieurs photos et un texte sur ce qui se passe à la Réunion, ainsi que pour un dépliant «Vive les requins!».

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BREAKING NEWS on PROJECTS supported by TENDUA

India : the HURO program of SVAA for the conservation of the Western Hoolock Gibbon

2<sup class="typo_exposants">nd</sup> International Conference for the breeding and conservation of the Gibbon, Perth, Australia, March 2015
2nd International Conference for the breeding and conservation of the Gibbon, Perth, Australia, March 2015
© SVAA - mars 2015

There are only 236 individuals in whole Meghalaya and less than 3 000 in whole northeast India. The decline of the Hoolock populations has been estimated, from 100,000 individuals to less than 5,000, it is said a decline of more than 90% (IUCN). The Huro Program is also turned towards the other species of primates from northeast India which suffer also from poaching and loss of habitat. In this region live Assamese Maccaque, Stump-tailed Maccaque, Eat-crab Maccaque, Langur...
The indian scientists foretell that the Meghalaya will be a desert within 30 years, maybe less.
The survival of the specie only depends on a human action.

Apart of managing the Rescue center, a part of the team (the Sonja Wildlife intervention Unit SWIU) works on rescues, patrols, awareness and reintroduction efforts (habitat and population studies monitoring). A first Gibbon pair should be released in the coming months as soon as all the parameters will allows SVAA to do it safely (security and control over the release site foremost). Other primates’ species were also rescued and successfully released by the SWIU including 5 Macaques and 5 Bengal Slow Loris.


The 6<sup class="typo_exposants">th</sup> school year - Feb. 2015- hosted 108 students. Congratulations!
The 6th school year - Feb. 2015- hosted 108 students. Congratulations!
© SVAA - mars 2015

Attached to the rescue center HURO also operates a private, free and secular rural school welcoming over hundred children from rural and remote areas of Meghalaya since 2010 (with 108 pupils in 2015). Besides being taught the national curriculum, the children are also made aware of the importance of the biodiversity one hour every week and hold events for nature and wildlife in other schools.

In January 2015 an agreement was signed with the villagers to bring 44 hectares of untouched forest under the protection of HURO. Yet, the political instability in the area makes this agreement fragile. That is why Huro programme is now considering buying a part of the reserve forest, to definitely bring it under their own cares and to avoid hazardous situations for the first Gibbon release, previously programmed in February, but has been delayed : unfortunately wild elephants and political instability have delayed the operation for a few months (hopefully before the end of 2015).

A World premiere : the birth of Sanjay!


Sanjay, a few weeks old in the photo, just turned eight months.
Sanjay, a few weeks old in the photo, just turned eight months.
© SVAA - janvier 2015

End of 2014, The HURO program welcomed the first birth in captivity of a baby male Western Hoolock Gibbon. It is a World premiere! Sanjay’s parents were each rescued by the program Huro. Gibbons choose their compagons for life...


Baby Sanjay and his mom Dawn.
Baby Sanjay and his mom Dawn.
© SVAA


Colombia : The NATIVA Fondation and the tapir

An animation to learn more on the discreet tapir: Pinchaque, the Colombian Tapir.
in August 2015, it doesn’t rain a lot in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia ; tapirs are even more discrets than usual. And more and more cows are feeding on the Denta’s territorries.
To move forward, the program of the Nativa Foundation needs at least 5 additional camera traps to the four already installed in the field. TENDUA is considering a way to help NATIVA and you will talk about it shortly.


The Snow Leopard with the Snow leopard Trust

Snow Leopard into the wild, Pakistan
Snow Leopard into the wild, Pakistan
© Snow Leopard Trust

The snow leopard’s habitat is heavily used for livestock grazing, and herds continue to grow. What does this development mean for the endangered cat? Our India team has found some interesting answers: livestock grazing isn’t necessarily a problem per se, but it can quickly become one if herds grow too much.

Can Snow Leopards Coexist With Livestock?
August 18, 2015


Namibia : the Desert Lion Conservation

The 5 Musketeers and XPL-59 lioness, Namib Desert
The 5 Musketeers and XPL-59 lioness, Namib Desert
© TOSCO

All hopes are on the so called Five Musketeers
There are only a few adult males left in Namibia‘s desert lion population, these young guys are a big hope for the future as very few males are remaining among the desert lions’ population.

On the 2nd, August 2015, the XPL-59 lioness of the River Hoanib herd had no cub after mating with some of the 5 Musketeers, observed in mid-July 2015. Two weeks later, she had again her oestrus and the Musketeers have found her in the same part of the River Hoanib. Two of them (XPL-90 “Polla” & XPL-91 “Ben”) stayed with the lioness. Although these lions are only about 3.5 years old, i.e. not sexually mature - males are mature at 4 -, they both have been observed copulating with an 11 years old lioness.


Lions
Lions’ Populations in Africa
The map on the left shows how much remains of lions in Africa and where.
The right map shows where lions lived previously (in red).
- © TOSCO

The map on the left shows how many lions remain in Africa and where.
The right map shows where lions previously used to live (in red).
The lions are listed as “Vulnerable” on the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN); In West and Central Africa, the species is now classified as “in danger of extinction.”
To read more: Current news - 2015


Eco-volunteering for Cetaceans in Reunion island

Present for the 2nd austral winter (the humpback whales’ season) in the Reunion island, TENDUA has gathered this year 5 eco-volunteers, in partnership with the diving club “Dodo Palmé” in the city of Le Port. The eco-volunteers were trained one day on June 27th, 2015, in order to be able to accompany underwater encounters with the humpback whales, dolphins (bottlenose dolphins, great Indo-Pacific dolphins, spinner dolphins ) and other seabirds visible in the Reunion waters.
TENDUA proceeds to the records of data on observations of humpback whales; an assessment will be communicated at the end of the season.
Here the last article on our website:
Les baleines artistes de l’Océan Indien

Unfortunately, while in previous years the humpback whales, by their presence, “have made the show” for the residents and the tourists, the waters of the Reunion in 2015 remain orphans of these magnificent Ocean’s ambassadors. However, the season is not finished: it is unclear whether the animals are going to arrive later or if they avoid Reunion.
As for the possible causes of this delay or disinterest (it seems that Mayotte and Madagascar know the same situation), it is too early to decide; only assumptions may be issued. Scientists already put forward a version El Niño [1] 2015, unless it is El Niña?
Regarding the construction of the new coastal road (12 km on the sea for € 1.9 billion) and the noise generated by this construction, and also the increase of boaters on the coast, including jet skis, nobody evokes these elements as potentially disruptive for cetaceans.


Eco Phenix from the college “Paul Bert” in Chatou

Thank you to the mini-company Eco Phénix which markets cardboard tables and sent us a check for € 140 to contribute to the conservation of biodiversity !

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AGENDA

In November 2015 : TENDUA exposes pictures of nature at the Town Hall the 6th arrondissement of Paris

From November 4th to 21, 2015, TENDUA organizes an exhibition- sale of pictures entitled «BEAUTES NATURELLES».

Besides the contribution of the best professional photographers - Julie Boileau, Frédéric Buyle, Tony Crocetta, Michel and Christine Denis-Huot, Pascal Kobeh, Yvan Kislov, Yves Lefevre, Vincent Munier and Alain Pons - and connoisseurs, members Tendua, who generously offered their images, and thanks to the partnership with the laboratory of analog and digital photo RAINBOW COLOR, this exhibition may take place.
An exhibition of beautiful images, offered for sale, to say the beauty, the magic, the mystery and the fragility of nature, so indispensable to human kind. The images give to contemplate, to meditate, perhaps to give birth to the desire to protect our beautiful planet.

Galerie du Luxembourg, Mayor of the 6th arrondissement, 78 rue Bonaparte, 75006, Paris
Admission free from Monday to Friday from 10h30 am to 5:00pm, Thursday up to 7:00pm, Saturday from 10:00 to 12:00am


PINK BOOK

Africa (Kenya) : the lion is in danger

The African lion (Panthera leo leo) is classed VULNERABLE by the IUCN. It means that its extinction in the wild is practically already programmed.

An estimated two-thirds of the lions have disappeared over the last fifty years. The Savannah habitat has decreased by 75% during this period, due to urbanization and the increasing agricultural and livestock areas.
A Research from Duke University, North Carolina (USA), has been published in late December 2012 : it sets the current number of these cats between 32 000 and 35 000, against nearly 100,000 in 1960. The most significant decline was observed in West Africa, where it would remain only 500 lions.


Lion cub, Masai Mara, Kenya
Lion cub, Masai Mara, Kenya
© M. Dupuis

Many threats hang over the heads of the African lions: trophy hunting, poaching for medecine, poisoning to protect increasingly large herds, ... In Kenya, in the Masai Mara National Reserve, lions are jointly threatened by poaching and the poisoning of carcasses for protection of herds, by waves of drought and the action of the insecticide Furadan that would have killed at least 76 lions between 2001 and 2010 out of a population estimated to be about 2,000 lions.
Read our article : The Kenyan Savannah : the filent drama of the Massaï Mara.

Thank you for your attention.

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[11: El Niño is the warm phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (commonly called ENSO) and is associated with a band of warm ocean water that develops in the central and east-central equatorial Pacific (between approximately the International Date Line and 120°W), including off the Pacific coast of South America. El Niño Southern Oscillation refers to the cycle of warm and cold temperatures, as measured by sea surface temperature, SST, of the tropical central and eastern Pacific Ocean. El Niño is accompanied by high air pressure in the western Pacific and low air pressure in the eastern Pacific. The cool phase of ENSO is called “La Niña” with SST in the eastern Pacific below average and air pressures high in the eastern and low in western Pacific. The ENSO cycle, both El Niño and La Niña, causes global changes of both temperatures and rainfall. Mechanisms that cause the oscillation remain under study.
Developing countries dependent upon agriculture and fishing, particularly those bordering the Pacific Ocean, are the most affected. In Spanish, the capitalized term “El Niño” refers to the Christ child, Jesus (literal translation “The (male) Child”). La Niña, chosen as the ’opposite’ of El Niño, literally means “The (female) Child”. El Niño was so named because periodic warming in the Pacific near South America is often noticed around Christmas

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